Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 when concerned governments wanted to address the implications of global climate change. In 1992 the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The objective of the UNFCCC is to achieve stabilisation of the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent harmful interference with the climate system. The South Africa Government became a signatory to the UNFCCC in 1997 and thus the country became legally bound by the implications imposed by the agreement.

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