General

 

Citrus

 

Pome & Stone Fruit

 

Table Grapes

 

Citrus Industry Report. Confronting Climate Change 2014.

The 2014 Confronting Climate Change (CCC) industry benchmark process builds on 2013-2014 dataset and provides a meaningful platform for the South African fruit and wine industries to better understand and reduce their use of fossil fuel based resources as reported through the carbon footprint output. This report serves to highlight the specific details from the Citrus fruit industry carbon footprint data and to highlight areas where mitigation action will have the greatest impact. The three years combined season data (2011-2014) was used for the assessment and was analyzed based on the main business activities: farm, packhouse, and coldstore. All results are shown in the internationally accepted form of kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent per unit – in this case, per kilogram of fruit produced – or kgCO2e/kg fruit1 . In addition to the carbon emission results, consumption benchmark data was gathered and analyzed for certain key indictors to add context to the regional and individual variances...

Authors: Blignaut, A. & de Kock,L.

Full PDF document. 

 

How much water do high yielding apple orchards require for sustainable production? SA Fruit Journal 2014.

This is the question that researchers hope to address in a new four year project (2014-2018) initiated, managed and funded by the Water Research Commission (WRC) and co-funded by the South African Apple and Pear Producers' Association (SAAPPA).

Read more. 

 

Integrating biological management practices in to standard pome fruit production systems. van Schoor, L. 

Introduction

The increase in the implementation of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) on South African fruit farms and the emphasis it places on sound environmental practices have stimulated an interest in the use of biological soil amendments in standard agricultural management systems over the past decade...

Institution: ARC & HORTGRO

Full PDF document. 

 

Managing apple replant disease: the effect of biological soil amendments on tree performance. van Schoor, L.

Introduction

Apple replant disease (ARD) is a disorder associated with the poor growth of young apple trees planted on sites where apples were planted previously. It is a major impediment in establishing an economically viable apple industry and an increasingly important problem due to limited availability of suitable virgin soil sites. The problem is exacerbated by the demand for new cultivars and improved rootstocks which necessitate new plantings. Although ARD is not lethal, it reduces the success of an intensive planting system which depends on the rapid development of the orchard canopy and early production...

Institution: ARC & HORTGRO

Full PDF document.

Nematodes in pome fruit: Practical Guidelines for the short- and long- term control of nematodes. Sorey, S.

Introduction

Nematodes are microscopic worm-like organisms that attack the roots of plants. Damaged roots result in a reduced uptake of nutrients and water.
Pome fruit is primarily attacked by root-lesion, dagger and stubby root nematodes. Root-knot nematodes, which cause the characteristic galls on roots, do not attack pome fruit. Due to the absence of these galls it is mistakenly believed that nematodes do not attack pome fruit. Galls caused by woolly apple aphid are often mistaken for root-knot nematode damage. It is particularly stubby-root nematodes in very sandy soils that are often the cause of severely stunted pear trees...

Institution: Nemlab

Full PDF document.

 

Nematodes in Stone Fruit: Practical Guidelines for the short- and long- term control of nematodes. Storey, S.

Introduction

Nematodes are microsopic worm-like organisms that attack the roots of plants. Damaged roots result in a reduced uptake of nutrients and water. Stone fruit trees are of the few perennial crops that die as a result of nematodes. It is particularly trees younger than 18 months that can die due to root-knot nematodes. Ring nematode is also a big problem in stone fruit. The damage caused by ring nematode is however not easily visible.

Institution: Nemlab

Full PDF document. 

 

Pome fruit Industry Report. Confronting Climate Change 2014.

The 2014 Confronting Climate Change (CCC) industry benchmark process builds on the 2013-2014 dataset and provides a meaningful platform for the South African fruit and wine industries to better understand and reduce their use of fossil fuel based resources as reported through the carbon footprint output. This report serves to highlight the specific details from the Pome fruit industry carbon footprint data and to highlight areas where mitigation action will have the greatest impact. The three years combined season data (2011-2014) was used for the assessment and was analyzed based on the main business activities: farm, packhouse, CA store and coldstore. All results are shown in the internationally accepted form of kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent per unit – in this case, per kilogram of fruit produced – or kgCO2e/kg fruit1 . In addition to the carbon emission results, consumption benchmark data was gathered and analyzed for certain key indicators to add context to the regional and individual variances...

Authors: Blignaut, A. & de Kock, L.

Full PDF document.

 

Stone fruit Industry Report. Confronting Climate Change 2014.

The 2014 Confronting Climate Change (CCC) industry benchmark process builds on 2013-2014 dataset and provides a meaningful platform for the South African fruit and wine industries to better understand and reduce their use of fossil fuel based resources as reported through the carbon footprint output. This report serves to highlight the specific details from the Stone fruit industry carbon footprint data and to highlight areas where mitigation action will have the greatest impact. The three years combined season data (2011-2014) was used for the assessment and was analyzed based on the main business activities: farm, packhouse, and coldstore. All results are shown in the internationally accepted form of kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent per unit – in this case, per kilogram of fruit produced – or kgCO2e/kg fruit1 . In addition to the carbon emission results, consumption benchmark data was gathered and analyzed for certain key indictors to add context to the regional and individual variances...

Authors: Blignaut, A. & de Kock, L.

Full PDF document.

 

Table Grape Industry Report. Confronting Climate Change 2014.

The 2014 Confronting Climate Change (CCC) industry benchmark process builds on 2013-2014 dataset and provides a meaningful platform for the South African fruit and wine industries to better understand and reduce their use of fossil fuel based resources as reported through the carbon footprint output. This report serves to highlight the specific details from the Table grape industry carbon footprint data and to highlight areas where mitigation action will have the greatest impact. The three years combined season data (2011-2014) was used for the assessment and was analyzed based on the main business activities: farm, packhouse, and coldstore. All results are shown in the internationally accepted form of kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent per unit – in this case, per kilogram of fruit produced – or kgCO2e/kg fruit1 . In addition to the carbon emission results, consumption benchmark data was gathered and analyzed for certain key indictors to add context to the regional and individual variances.

Authors: Blignaut, A. & de Kock, L.

Full PDF document.