Bitou Agroforestry and Natural Products Project: business development & sustainability planning.

Bitou Agroforestry and Natural Products Project was established within the Kranshoek and Harkerville communities in April 2015. It was established by the the Western Cape Sub-Directorate: Biodiversity, the Bitou Municipality, a local NPO (The Green Ticket) and local communities. The project looks at developing commercially viable, sustainable businesses for two impoverished communities, enabling them to engage in bio-trade and bioprospecting while developing a sustainable local economy. It strongly focuses on the intersection between ecological restoration, food security, and high-value natural medicine development with job creation and opportunities for women and youth. 

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Agulhas Biodiversity Initiative (ABI).

The Agulhas Biodiversity Initiative (ABI) is a landscape initiative set up in 2003 under the overarching fynbos conservation and development programme, Cape Action for People and the Environment (C.A.P.E). Through C.A.P.E., ABI received funding from the Global Environment Facility and the United Nations Development Programme.

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Agulhas Biodiversity Initiative (ABI): Alien Clearing Project. DEA Land User Incentive Scheme.

The project forms part of the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA’s) Land User Incentive Scheme – a scheme through which the Department is testing a new way of supporting private landowners in their bid to control and eradicate invasive alien plants. 

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Agulhas Biodiversity Initiative (ABI): Small Grants Programme.

The Agulhas Biodiversity Initiative (ABI) Small Grants Programme is supporting organisations involved in conservation on the Agulhas Plain. The ABI Small Grants Programme is supported by the Table Mountain Fund, an associated Trust of WWF-South Africa. 

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Farming Facts and Futures: Reconnecting South Africa's food systems to its ecosystems. WWF 2015.

Like many developing countries, farming is a cornerstone of the South African economy: it boosts Gross Domestic Product, creates jobs, supports social welfare, encourages ecotourism and provides raw materials for agri-linked manufacture and processing. At the same time, farmers must ensure that they produce enough basic calories to keep up with the needs of our growing population, and must do so within the limits of nature’s increasingly constrained and over-used resources.

Full PDF document.


Gums and bees: A roadmap for landowners in South Africa. SANBI 2014. 

This booklet helps landowners protect or grow forage resources for honey bees, and understand why Eucalyptus trees are vital to the beekeeping and agricultural industries in South Africa.

Organisations: Department of Environmental Affairs, GEF, FOA, UNEP.

Full PDF document.


Gouritz Cluster Biosphere Reserve (GCBR) Spekboom Fine-scale Mapping Area Wide Project. Department of Agriculture 2015/2016. 

Project Summary

The GCBR has a project called the “Jobs for Carbon Project” which seeks to improve ecosystem health and resilience and the rural economy in the Klein Karoo through the restoration of degraded Spekboomveld. Planting Spekboom back into the landscape indirectly stimulates the reintroduction of other native species of plants and animals, thereby restoring biodiversity and healing damaged ecosystems. A secondary aim is to explore carbon farming as a sustainable use of Spekboomveld and the potential of new income streams, premised on the proven carbon sequestration properties of Spekboom. The Jobs for Carbon Project is a pilot effort and intended as a catalyst for a greatly expanded restoration programme. The present proposal builds on this work by addressing two critical strategic gaps we face in advancing the larger goal of unlocking a Spekboom-based economy in the Klein Karoo...

Prepared by: Wendy Crane

Lead Institution: Department of Agriculture, Western Cape. Sustainable Resources Management: LandCare division. 

Partner Institution: Gouritz Cluster Biosphere Reserve (GCBR); Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa (WESSA) & Rhodes Restoration Research Group (RRRG)

Full project note. 


WET-Health. WRC 2009.

Project Summary

Three main branches of research into wetlands were identified during a workshop held in early 2002: wetland rehabilitation, wetland health and integrity and wise use of wetlands. The wetland rehabilitation was prioritised for two reasons. Firstly, it is estimated that South Africa has lost approximately 50% of its wetlands, and wetlands are increasingly being recognised as providing valuable services, such as: Biodiversity protection, groundwater replenishment, sediment retention, retention of nutrients and other substances and being storehouses of carbon. Secondly, there has been substantial government expenditure on wetland rehabilitation through the Working for Wetlands project, which is linked to the Expanded Public Works Programme. This project was co-funded by Working for Wetlands to 50% of the budget.

Authors: Macfarlane D.; Kotze D.; Ellery W.; Koopman V.; Goodman P.S.; Goge M. & Walters D.

Organisations: Dept: Environmental Affairs and Tourism; Water Affairs and Forestry & Agriculture. 

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