The agriculture sector of South Africa plays a major role in job creation, and contributes to food security and the GDP. It is therefore critical to practice sustainable production methods to ensure good health of the sector and it's competitiveness.

This section includes fruit, vegetables, biodiversity and invasive plants. Regarding the inclusion of biodiversity in this section, it is important to consider the big picture of smart agriculture and thus we must include other parts of the ecosystem as well - not only the field crops, but also the plant species next to or near crop fields.