This farming practice is done in a way that improves soil health and therefore also improves your yield. It can be accomplished in three steps:

1. Minimum tillage: To practice continuous minimum soil disturbance and to use direct seeding. 

2. Maximum soil cover: To permanently protect your soil from the wind, sun and rain.

3. Multi-cropping: Diversified crop rotations where the first plant benefits the next.


Not all farmers agree that Conservation Agriculture will improve yields. Important to note is that often, the reason for failure in Conservation Agriculture can be attributed to farmers not practicing all three aspects required and grow impatient when benefits take too long to be realised - The benefits of Conservation Agriculture are only seen after long term practicing (~6 + years).  The information provided is to help the user make his own decision on the topic.

You can find guidelines on conservation agriculture, benefits thereof and general information on the subject in the documents below:

BFAP: Conservation Agriculture

FAO: What is conservation agriculture

UNEP: Conservation Agriculture

Grain SA: A look at conservation agriculture for the developing grain farmer

Farmer's Weekly: The principles and advantages of implementing conservation agriculture

Conservation Agriculture Western Cape (Website)

Get the Western Cape Department of Agriculture's Conservation Agriculture Newsletter where you can see what is new in this field:

Conservation Agriculture Western Cape Website


Download these helpful knowledge building tools (free ebooks):

Better Soils with the No-Till System

The Pluses and Minuses of Today's Most Popular Cover Crops

Growing High-Yield No-Till Soybeans

Managing Nitrogen Like Your Profits Depend On it


YouTube clips provide you with audio-visual perspectives:

Video 1

Video 2

Video 3

Video 4

Video 5

Video 6

Video 7

For research information on Soil Health visit our Project's & Research page.